Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal condition affecting 8-13% of women and people assigned female at birth.
The name “Polycystic ovary syndrome” is somewhat misleading.The name suggests that the ovary is filled with multiple cysts, when in fact, some subtypes of PCOS may have completely normal appearing ovaries.
The exact cause for PCOS is unknown, however, evidence points towards it being a neuroendocrine condition that starts with abnormal hormone release from the hypothalamus in the brain and a cascade of events and effects on the ovaries and body that can lead to anovulation (failure to release an egg from the ovaries), excess testosterone, insulin resistance (pre-diabetes) and very irregular cycles. There is a genetic component with evidence of it running in families. Symptoms experienced may differ from person to person, and may change thoughout someones life.